[M7] First were the original Mercury Seven appointed during the Eisenhower administration in April 1959. They look suitably Star Trekky in their helmets and lace-up boots:
Front: Walter H. Schirra, Donald K. "Deke" Slayton, John H. Glenn, and Scott Carpenter;
Only 6/7 = 86% actually made to Space; Deke Slayton's heart problems had him nixxed as a health risk Up There; but he became a NASA magnate on Earth.
They're all dead now, the last to go being John Glenn, a 1984 US presidential hopeful. And don't forget Ham, the first primate in space, who went up before Alan Shepard, came down 15 minutes later and lived another 24 years in US zoos. And also remember Enos, the second chimpanzee and first malfunction casualty in the NASA hall of
[NN] The Next Nine group of recruits were [alphabetical]: Neil Armstrong, Frank Borman, Pete Conrad, Jim Lovell, James McDivitt, Elliot See, Tom Stafford, Ed White and John Young - were appointed in September 1962. Only 7/9 = 78% of them left the Earth.
[TF] The following year 1963 there was another recruitment drive, and 13 white, male Right Stuff pilots made the selection cut. Because 13 was an unlucky number (Go Science!), they added Walter Cunningham to the list to form group 3 The Fourteen: Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin, William Anders, Charles Bassett, Alan Bean, Gene Cernan, Michael Collins, Roger Chaffee, Walter Cunningham, Donn Eisele, Theodore Freeman, Richard Gordon, Russell (Rusty) Schweickart, David Scott, Clifton (C.C.) Williams. There were another 4 pre-flight fatalities = 71% in this group. Do you see a pattern here? the number of astronauts who actually went astro fell 86%, 78%, 71% with each intake!
Ted Freeman [TF] hit a flying goose coming into land a plane at Houston. Elliot See [NN] crashed his plane trying to land in poor weather at St Louis, taking co-pilot Charles Bassett [TF] into the ground with him. CC Williams [TF] was also killed in a plane accident - aileron failure. Although all four planes were Supersonic T-38 jets, there is no suggestion that T-38s were inherently unsafe. Gus Grissom [MS], Ed White [NN] and Roger Chaffee [TF] went up in flames (loadsa velcro on the cabin walls, nylon space suits, design failures) on the launchpad in a practice from Apollo 1.
They Were Expendable was a book and a John Ford film about PT boats in WWII Philippines. It's a Boy Film. Nit a million miles from what my father was doing in the English Channel at about the same time.
The Right Stuff is a good view on how the astronauts themselves felt.ReplyDelete