Brokenstraw Creek, and later in Ohio. Orchards from cuttings were/are far more likely to grow up to bear edible (or drinkable) fruit. Propagating from seed is much more of a lottery as the genes get all mixed up when a Daddy Apple loves a Mummy Apple very much. On the Frontier, the apples were not used much for eating but rather for crushing and fermenting into cider which was an integral part of the diet as beer was for William Cobbett's yeomen at about the same time the other side of The Pond. Chapman died of testicular cancer in 1845 aged 70, probably near Fort Wayne Indiana, so he was still traveling West when he went west.
Honey Ball, Greasy Pippin, Lady’s Finger, Maiden’s Blush, and Widow’s Friend". Albert College, at that time the seat of UCD's Department of Agriculture, had a couple of hundred hectares available and accorded Dr Lamb a small corner for his heritage orchard. In 1964, UCD acquired and started to develop their Belfield Campus in the South of the city, so they sold most of the Albert College estate to Dublin Corporation for housing - including the infamous Ballymun Flats that were knocked down a few years ago as unfit for human habitation. This is all fine - people must be housed. But nobody knew what to do with Dr Lamb's apple trees, so they were bull-dozed into a corner and burned. Very slow hand-clap, lads!
Irish Seed Savers near Scarriff, Co Clare. I doubt if Anita goes places by 1940s bicycle, but she has certainly done amazing work to preserve the genetic heritage, the gene-bank of Irish plants - and not just apples. A few years ago, we sent them cuttings from the five, all different, leggy and ancient, apple-trees that we have at the bottom of our haggard.
Colclough Walled Garden team to pull apple varieties out of the very maw of history: he is not interested in Victorian breeds and varieties - they are a) too modern and b) anachronistic for the spirit of the place which he and his team a re-creating. You have to admire that sort of obsessive attention to detail. And it's not just apples for him either.